Publication date: February 2014Source:Peptides, Volume 52 Author(s): Fernand Gobeil Jr. , Pierre Sirois , Domenico Regoli We previously showed that R-954 (AcOrn[Oic2,(αMe)Phe5,dβNal7,Ile8]desArg9-bradykinin) is a potent, selective and stable peptide antagonist of the inducible GPCR kinin B1 receptor. This compound shows potential applications for the treatment of several diseases, including cancer and neurological disturbances of diabetes. To enable clinical translation, more information regarding its pharmacological, pharmacokinetics (PK) and toxicological properties at preclinical stage is warranted. This was the principal objective of the present study. Herein, specificity of R-954 was characterized in binding studies on 133 human molecular targets to reveal minor cross-reactivities against the angiotensin AT2 and the bombesin receptors (110- and 330-fold lower affinity than for B1R, respectively). The pharmacokinetic of R-954 was studied in both normal and streptozotocin-diabetic anaesthetized rats providing half-lives of 1.9–2.7h. R-954 does not appear to be metabolized in the rat circulation and in several rat tissue homogenates, as the kidney, lung and liver. It appears to be excreted as parent drug in the bile (21%) and in urine. A preliminary toxicological profile of R-954 was obtained in rats under various administration routes. R-954 appears to be well tolerated. Overall, these results indicate that R-954 exhibits favorable preclinical pharmacological/PK characteristics and encouraging safety profiles, suitable for early studies in humans.